Category Archives: Uncategorized

Python request timeouts & HTTPbin

Recently I added a static analysis tool (Bandit – which is an excellent tool and deserves it’s own post) to our Python microservices CI pipeline at work. Upon doing this, I discovered that our requests calls didn’t have timeouts set on them. By default, requests don’t have a timeout set.

At first, I thought it was going to be straight forward to just put a timeout on the remote calls, but upon reading the documentation I discovered that the timeout value was not quite what you’d expect – it’s not the wall time to complete the request.

timeout is not a time limit on the entire response download; rather, an exception is raised if the server has not issued a response for timeout seconds (more precisely, if no bytes have been received on the underlying socket for timeout seconds). If no timeout is specified explicitly, requests do not time out.

Ok, so that then left me concerned about whether I’d really understood the documentation properly (or whether it was just plain wrong – which I doubted, but had to make sure so as to not screw everything up)… But how?

Then I discovered something really, really useful – . This is a bunch of fake API endpoints that behave as you request them to – eg, take 5 seconds to respond with a 200 code, or take 3s between each byte being sent. Great! I used this to prove that the timeouts do indeed behave as documented.

Definitely one to bookmark! back online

After quite some time I’ve managed to get my server back online. The issue was that running it on a raspberry pi 3 alongside other things pretty much ensured the OOM killer would kick in and start killing things off.

I got one of those HP elitedesk PCs for only £40 off eBay to host this and it’s superb! This is now running in a docker container on a low powered 8gb system. You get far more bang for buck compared to a raspberry pi this way.

In terms of comments, it turns out I have about 3500 unmoderated comments, so it’s likely I’ll have to just bin them all due to time constraints. Apologies if you’ve written something useful.

I’ve got some interesting posts coming soon, including how this is all hosted now (major upgrades all around in that sense, but for no (big) extra cost. Some cool things I’ve been playing with and much more.

Hashcat quick start!

I recently had to use hashcat to verify some user credentials. Here are the commands I used:

# Salted md5 passwords (all the same salt in salt+password format):
hashcat -o found-passwords.pot -e salt.txt -m 20 -a 0 input-passwords.txt hashkiller.dic

Input file is just hashes from the database, one hash per line. I think you can put a :salt after each hash and omit the -e salt.txt from the command to use unique salts.

Why you shouldn’t trust WhatsApp’s end to end encryption

Recently, the instant messaging app “WhatsApp” announced that it is using end to end encryption. While this is generally seen as a good thing, what most people seem to have forgotten is that we have absolutely no reason to trust WhatsApp.

Just because you’re told WhatsApp is using end to end encryption doesn’t really mean anything.. what algorithms are they using, how can we verify this. Most importantly, if the NSA (or someone else, perhaps with lots of money) asks WhatsApp to disable end to end encryption for a specific user – what’s to stop them? How would you know your instant messages are no longer encrypted?

What this means (at least to me) is that your supposed end to end ‘bullet proof’ encryption is probably worse than nothing – it’s lulling you into a false sense of security.

You can’t trust closed source encryption. Ever. Don’t start now.

2015 – The year of virtual reality

For some time now I have been keeping myself abreast of the Oculus Rift project – a brand new virtual reality kit which is due for release this year.

Normally I wouldn’t be interested in things like this but I believe this new VR headset will change the face of not only gaming but many aspects of our lives, and not always for the better.

Back in the 90’s I had a go with a VR headset in London and it really put me off the idea. The terrible low resolution, the neck ache, the lag… It was really crap. From that point on virtual reality got forgotten about for another twenty years or so while the technology caught up with the concept.

Oculus aims, and supposedly delivers an experience which can effectively trick (part of) your brain into feeling the experience is very real. In a nutshell, virtual reality is here and this time it’s not going away.

So many people see this as just another gaming platform. That’s cool, but I believe it will be used for many other applications such as virtual meetings, and even eventually working.. Imagine working on a desk on a beach with palm trees?

It’s not all good news though. In this internet based age people spend less and less time going outside and talking to each other. VR could well be the ultimate end to people leaving their homes.. Maybe not for our generation, but I think the next generation will really struggle with this.. Games like World of Warcraft have already made lots of young people reclusive gaming addicts, but with this level of reality it could do some very serious damage if not used in moderation.

Either way, 2015 marks the beginning of the virtual reality age. Personally I think this is going to be as big, if not bigger than the internet in terms of its impact on society. This won’t happen this year, but in the next 5 or 10 years things will be very different in the western world.


Just a quick update.. I assure you this site is still active 🙂 I’m currently extremely busy but I have lots of cool things coming up.. arduino based notification system with REST service, technical project management ideas, gitflow, and mindful programming technique.. nice.