Category Archives: Linux

MySQL 5 and old clients (like php4)

Warning: mysql_connect(): Client does not support authentication protocol requested by server; consider upgrading MySQL client in /blah/somepage.php on line 123

The reason for this warning is because PHP4 can’t communicate with a MySQL5 server unless it’s using old passwords (set by using the OLD_PASSWORD() function below.)

There are two simple ways to fix this. The first would be to upgrade your version of php. Unless you *really* need php4 (or below?!) upgrade! I’m not sure php4 is supported any more and should be considered a security risk. If you can’t upgrade, just do this in your database:

update mysql.user set password=OLD_PASSWORD('thepassword') where user = 'theusername';
and:
flush privileges;

This should do the trick. Be warned, if you issue any GRANT statements after this you will have to update mysql.user again.

WDTV – Western Digital TV media player

Picked up a WDTV last night for $200. As you may have guessed from some of my other posts, I’m into my A/V stuff, so this thing seemed like a bargain. Many reviews will rave about how great it is, and I must say it’s not too bad, but I have found there are bugs (even in the latest 1.0.1.2 firmware):

Playback of any AC3 file seems to result in a barely noticable (but very annoying) 100ms or so audio lag. This doesn’t drift which is good, but it makes watching anything with an AC3 soundtrack very annoying. I’ve tried various things to try and fix this and make sure it’s not me or my files, but the unit. Strangely, this only seems to occur when playing back NTSC files, and not PAL (25fps) files.

Other than that, it’s pretty good. I’ll hang on to it until I can test it on someone else’s setup. Otherwise it might have to go back to the shop!

*update*

After more testing with different files, it seems to be off-sync with a bunch of files, not just ones with an AC3 soundtrack. I also tested the device at a friends place before finally taking it back. If Western Digital manages to sort this bug out, I may consider buying it again…probably not though, manufacturers need to start testing stuff rather than just putting things out there and then releasing good firmware a year later.

I also just found out the WDTV violates the GPL, so I don’t want it anyway!

*update2*

Version 1.02 firmware is now released for the WDTV, and I’ve recently bought an AV reciever which has built in a/v delay stuff (and optical/hdmi inputs etc..) so perhaps it is time to re-purchase WDTV after all. Converting MKV/h264 to AVI/xvid for my xbox w/ac3 isn’t so great.

*update3*

I did re-buy the WDTV, and I’ve been very happy with it, but only if using firmware version 1.02.03 (I think it’s that one) which has all the sync issues sorted. Recommended!

Edimax EW-7728IN IEEE802.11n on Ubuntu

I recently purchased the Edimax EW-7728IN IEEE802.11n Draft 2.0 wireless card. Although I’ve not tested the performance yet, I have managed to get it to successfully connect to my Billion 7300N 802.11n wireless router at a rate of between 270 and 300Mb/sec.

Before I began I read on the Ubuntu forums that many people had problems trying to get the thing to work. I found it was fairly straight forward which is probably a result of the new(ish) drivers on the edimax website for Linux.

You can download the latest source from http://www.ralinktech.com/ralink/Home/Support/Linux.html – I didn’t see any restrictions or licenses on there for the source, so I’ve decided to compile and upload the modules as I need them. You can check back here to pick up the latest if you’re not confident compiling it yourself.

Please don’t try running the modules on kernels that they are not for. This will not work! You will need to compile it against headers for your currently running kernel if you don’t find it listed here.

Date Kernel Download
1st Oct 2008 2.6.24-19-generic rt2860sta.ko.bz2

Then you’ll want to extract the kernel module:

bunzip2 rt2860sta.ko.bz2

Now test that it works before you continue:

sudo insmod rt2860sta.ko

Now run iwconfig to see if the module loaded OK. If so, you should have the ra0 device listed.

If all is well, copy the module to the kernel module directory:

sudo cp rt2860sta.ko /lib/modules/2.6.24-19-generic/ubuntu/net/rt2860/rt2860sta.ko

Now we’d like to tell it to auto-load upon system startup. We can do this by adding the line: rt82860sta to the /etc/modules file. Easy!

Update!!

I’ve recently found a link to a dynamically building kernel module .deb file, which is great because it means you can just install this .deb on your system and it should work. With a bit of luck the Ubuntu team will include the driver in Intrepid, but I wouldn’t hold your breath:

http://www.array.org/ubuntu/dists/intrepid/eeepc/binary-i386/rt2860-dkms_1.7.1.1_all.deb

Central Coast LUG (Linux user group)

Hi, I’ve posted this to my site in order to find people looking for a central coast linux user group (Central Coast, NSW, Australia that is.) Basically, I’ve sort-of found one at http://cclug.com, but it seems to be a bit dead with hardly any info. If you are interested in a central coast LUG, please leave a comment with your email address and I’ll get in touch. Perhaps you can help me find the mysterious CCLUG, or help me establish a new one? Who knows! Either way, it’d be nice to have a LUG that’s not all the way down in Sydney.

revalidation failed (errorno =-5)

If you find your system isn’t booting sometimes and you get this funny error message, edit your kernel boot line in /boot/grub/menu.lst:


kernel /boot/vmlinuz-2.6.24-19-generic root=UUID=75a92494-bdae-4715-92d9-f06d1887008e ro all_generic_ide

e.g – Add the all_generic_ide parameter. All should be fine once again. I believe this is a strange Ubuntu kernel bug, although I’m not sure.

MKV (h.264) playback on XBOX360

While it’s not possible to play mkv files directly on the xbox360, you only need to do a few things to remux the video and audio streams into the mp4 format. This means that no re-encoding is done with the video, therefore there is no loss in video quality.

At the time of writing, the xbox360 doesn’t support anything other than 2 channel AAC audio for mp4 streams, so you’ll have to put up with that. It does work well though.

1. Gather video information
mkvinfo movie.mkv
Look for things like the following:

|+ Segment tracks
| + A track
| + Track number: 1
| + Track UID: 1
| + Track type: video
- snip -
| + Default duration: 41.708ms (23.976 fps for a video track)

This shows us track 1 is the video stream. Remember that, it’ll come in handy later. Also, make a note of the fps, if you get the FPS wrong later you’ll have a/v sync issues. Generally track 1 is always the video stream and track 2 is always the main audio stream:


| + A track
| + Track number: 2
| + Track UID: 445320639
| + Track type: audio
- snip -
| + Name: Main audio DTS 1536
| + Audio track
| + Sampling frequency: 48000.000000
| + Channels: 6

Make a note of whether you’re dealing with a DTS stream (as in my example) or an AC3 stream. There is a newer format ACC3 or something..I don’t know much about that.

2. Extract the video and audio streams from the mkv
Remember, mkv and mp4 are just like avi (in some ways.) They are all container formats, not the actual video itself. Now we extract the audio and video streams we want. If you like you could choose different audio and video streams you discovered using mkvinfo.

Extract the video:

mkvextract tracks movie.mkv 1:video.h264

Next we have to do something quite strange in order to make our h.264 file compatible with the xbox360. Run hexedit video.h264 and change the sequence: “67 64 00 33” to “67 64 00 29”.

Now we have our video file ready for muxing, we need to deal with the audio stream:

mplayer movie.mkv -novideo -ao pcm:fast:file=audiodump.wav -channels 2

This gets the audio from the mkv file and saves it as audiodump.wav ready for re encoding using nero’s AACenc program (http://www.nero.com/eng/down-ndaudio.php):

3. Encode the audio dump to AAC format
Now we encode the wav file to AAC:

neroAacEnc -lc -ignorelength -q 0.50 -if audiodump.wav -of audio.m4a

Both the audio and video streams are now ready to be muxed (put together) by MP4Box:

4. Mux the files

Remember to use the correct FPS value we obtained using mkvinfo from earlier!

MP4Box -new output.mp4 -add video.h264 -add audio.m4a -fps 23.976

output.mp4 is now ready to watch!!

Footnotes:
1. I didn’t have any luck getting windows media player 11 to stream the mp4’s to my xbox, I got the all to common ‘format not supported’ thing on the xbox even though they played just fine on WMP11.

2. You’ll want to split your original MKV into just under 4GB chunks if you’re putting the files on anything other than DVD5/DVD9. Do this:
mkvmerge -o output_part.mkv --split 3900M movie.mkv

*note – we leave it just under 4000M for two reasons, firstly fat32 can’t store eactly 4GB, secondly I’m not sure if it’s GiB or GB…!

3. Special thanks to Mike from Linux Love. For some tips that actually worked!

4. I’m not sure if there’s an artificial limit on the file size of mp4s that can be played back, but I will know by this afternoon!

Update:
It appears as though the xbox360 doesn’t like any media files > 4GB, a bit of a shame really. Hopefully the next dashboard update will fix these issues. Until then, looks like we’ll have to put up with split files.

Banshee 1.0

Once in a while, a fantastic piece of open source software comes along. Just the other day, banshee 1.0 was released. I must say, I’m *very* impressed. It’s like a much better, really great iTunes. With the addition of video it now covers pretty much everything I wanted in a media player thingi for Linux.

Check it out: Banshee 1.0!